A Small Walk Towards the Poetry of Shahid Quaderi

Hamid Rayhan

Shahid Quaderi, who died on 28 August 2016 in the USA, was born on 14 August 1942, Dhaka was considered as one of the most influential poets in Bengali literature since his first poetry book, Uttaradhikar (Inheritance) appeared in 1967. Quaderi’s The poetic diction and tone was marked with the perseverance of its modernist outlook and the taste, at the same time, was highly appreciated not only among his contemporary poets in the 50’s but also the critics, but also the readers of popular, and his poems had to have had the same impression as they did after Quaderi’s first collection of poetry had published.

The content of his poetry as well as his poetic style gives the ideas of the modernist movement in the Bengali poetry that became famous during his time. In fact, his poetry was viewed as a rejection of traditional mid-20th century norms, whereby the poets and writers flux in a society to be re-envisioned in an attempt to either change or preceded the previous conventions. Exposing to new norms also were represented mainly by orientation, fragmentation, metrical structure, contradictory allusions and multiple points of view different from the works of the fifties such as Shamsur Rahman, Al Mahmud, Omar Ali, and those of the sixties like, Abul Hasan, Syeed Atikullah, Sikder Aminul Haque, Abdul Mannan Syed, Nirmolenlu Gun, Rafiq Azad, Mohammad Rafiq, Asad Chowdhury, Mohammad Nurul Huda and so on. These modernist features appear in the works of Quaderi. The most prominent poems where Quaderi shows his modern orientations are his poetry. His other most popular collections of poetry are: Tomake Abhibadan Priyatama (Salute to You, Dearest ;, 1974), Prem Biraha Bhalobasar Kabita (Poems of Love and Separation), Kothayo Kono Krondon Nai (Weepings Nowhere), Amar Chombongullo Pouchhaya Deo (Please, Convey my kisses).

At the age of fourteen, Quaderi’s poem was first published in Kabita, a literary magazine edited by Buddhadeb Bosu, who is also a major poet of the 30’s of the past century; Quaderi later became a well-known figure among the poets of the two countries, Bangladesh and India (Kolkata). After the publication of his third book, Quaderi stopped writing and started living in London and German. Later, in the 80’s, he moved to the United States and started living in the United States, where he married his second wife, Dana Quaderi; She died in the late 90s. Since then, he has received his own book in 2009. Although it has been hearsay, through Kali O Kolom, a Bengali literary magazine, Quaderi broke his close three decades of silence by two poems , he actually broke his silence by contributing to the very first issue of Shabdaguchha, a bilingual poetry journal, published in New York. His poems were translated into English by many scholars, such as Kabir Chowdhury, Kaiser Haq, Farida Majid, and for the poetry he had given the Bangla Academy Award in 1973, and the Ekushey Padak, the highest national award of Bangladesh, in the category of Language and Literature in 2011. Quaderi was the most famous, especially the readers of the urbane middle class and intellectuals, and it is the most important modernist technique in the poem that is the stream of consciousness technique. realm of physical and romanticism Quaderi is one of the prominent poets of post-1947 in the Bengali poetry who brought a new angle to the Bangladeshi scene by introducing urbanism and an sense of modernity. His poetry is infused with patriotism, cosmopolitanism and individualism and its treatment of city life, a life pre-1071 and afterwards, it delves deep into the conflicts and the sense of alienation in modern city life.

This technique mirrored the fragmentary feature of the modern man’s mentality. It also allowed the reader to explore the interior of the conflicts and of the character. As seen in his poetry, thought shifts very often from trivial to significant issues and vice versa. This explained the idea of ​​subjective time regarding his e regarding his city life, passion, conflicts, doubts, excitement in modernism which is contradictory to significant time of past, present and future. Although Shahid Quaderi is known as a outstanding modernist poet among the poets of his era, some critics opine that he uses some traditional moderist techniques in his poems. Those critics argue that while Shahid Quaderi could be called a modernist because of his admiration for the organic and fleshy world of the mid-50s of the past century together with his personal conception of poetry and art, and his modernist views areolate him from several of The central terms of the tradition as defined In other words, some characteristics of Quaderi’s poems exhibit modern themes and style; at the same time, his poems are also rooted in the modern orientation of literature. That is why some critics call him a most modernist, and the same passion about his poetry today’s readers have even today. The point is that Quaderi has had a nostalgia for the time he left, linked with his interest in modern life. In his poetry, Quaderi combines both, concern with contemporary issues and contemporary issues. So as critics observed, Quaderi seeks some kind of integration. This is really clear in his poems where Quaderi shows his discomfort for modern life. He shows the difference between the divinely modern city life which modern life lacks and the fall in physical matters in modern life.

In fact, his poetry can be accounted for as a fundamental modernist text. The major modernist element found in the poem is the clear reliance on images, which is a basic feature of modern poetry. The frequent images of falling and decay are representative of modern life. Life is represented as trivial, suffering from the consequence of war. This all happens on both real physical level and the inner psychological level. Quaderi is the pioneer who excels in introducing the modernist trend in the Bengali poetry. The fragmented images, the self-consciousness and all other strange stylistic features in his poems. For Quaderi, modern life is fragmented and illogical; so he goes That is why in his poetry he tends to break the logic and conventions. So his poetry views as a representation of the modern life and the modern man both in terms of its content and style. In fine, Shahid Quaderi’s poetry is considered as critical texts. His poetry ‘content and style reflect the modern life, specially in its influence on the individual. He is skilled in showing his style in his poetry. In addition, he uses many techniques such as imagism, repetition, fragmentation and other modernist techniques, and all these techniques to help the contemporary modern life. Though he has only four books of poetry published, his tone, alliteration, images and the use of simile made him a unique contributor of Bangla verse. His poems are characterized by rich sensual imageries which make up the senses, making readers feel as if they were almost smell, touch, see or even heard the images he projected. His poems represent the ability of the imagination to create and invent pleasures which are currently absent from experience; in other words a realistic way of thinking, exploring the dangers of withdrawal from reality through his poems’ seductive powers, while at the same time recognizing the power of the imagination to enrich and celebrate this world of love: love, war, daily- life, imagination, conflicts, limits, etc. and his poetry is a walking tour which takes you into a mental world.

 

 

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